Tuesday, December 2, 2014

18 Siddargal Details


About Siddha's

A siddha is one who has attained siddhi, i.e. "power, prowess, strength, ability", then a special kind of psychic and supernatural, miraculous, occult power. There are eight kinds of super natural powers called as "Ashtama Siddhis":
  1. Anima (shrinking) -- Power of becoming the size of an atom and entering the smallest beings.
  2. Mahima (illimitability) -- Power of becoming mighty and co-extensive with the universe. The power of increasing one's size without limit.
  3. Lagima (lightness) -- Capacity to be quite light though big in size.
  4. Garima (weight) -- Capacity to weigh heavy, though seemingly small size.
  5. Prapthi (fulfillment of desires) -- Capacity to enter all the worlds from Brahma Loga to the neither world. It is the power of attaining everything desired.
  6. Prakasysm (irresistable will) -- Power of disembodying and entering into other bodies (metempsychosis) and going to heaven and enjoying what everyone aspires for, simply from where he stays.
  7. Isithavam (supremacy) -- Have the creative power of God and control over the Sun, the moon and the elements and
  8. Vasithavam (dominion over the elements) -- Power of control over King and Gods. The power of changing the course of nature and assuming any form.
A classical definition of siddhas is given by Siddhar Thirumoolar: "Those who live in yoga and see the divine light and power through yoga are the siddhars (Tamil Chittar)".
According to Kamil Zvelebil, there are some features which are typical for all or almost all siddhars as a body of thinkers.
  • First, in sharp opposition to the bhakti tradition, they refuse to allow themselves be carried away by idol worship in particular temples.
  • Second, in contrast to bhakti which emphasizes passionate devotion to God, the siddhar emphasize knowledge, yoga practice, and character, moral behavior, right conduct. Anger, lust and egoism are the worst sins.
  • Third, almost all siddhar's raise a protest against caste and casteism.
The whole atmosphere of siddha thinking is empirical and experimental. Their writings are not in the nature of clear cut formalized statements of any well defined doctrine. Hence, it is difficult to extricate a philosophical system out of their writings, at least at the present state of our knowledge of their works. However, it is possible to point out a few essential features, and one day, when their writings are better known, it should be possible to state their philosophy more explicitly.
This web site is devoted to publishing the works of siddhars for the internet community. Most of the works are available only in Tamil and it is possible that the author of document interprets things in his own way while translating the original text. An attempt is made to present information about siddhars here.

The 18 Siddhars

There are 18 siddhars in the tamil siddha tradition. Each of the siddhars had lived in varied places under different names. The following are most common names of the 18 siddhars. They are listed in the order of their time period.
  1.  Pathanjali Siddhar
  2.  Agasthiar Siddhar
  3.  Kamalamuni Siddhar
  4.  Thirumoolar Siddhar
  5.  Kuthambai Siddhar
  6.  Korakkar Siddhar
  7.  Thanvandri Siddhar
  8.  Sundaranandar Siddhar
  9.  Konganar Siddhar
  10.  Sattamuni Siddhar
  11.  Vanmeegar Siddhar
  12.  Ramadevar Siddhar
  13.  Nandeeswarar Siddhar
  14.  Edaikkadar Siddhar
  15.  Machamuni Siddhar
  16.  Karuvoorar Siddhar
  17.  Bogar Siddhar
  18.  Pambatti Siddhar

The Other Siddhars

Apart from the 18 siddhars given above, there are also other siddhars. It is possible that the siddhars given below are the same siddhars (the 18 siddhars), but under different name. They might also be the disciples of the siddhars, who by the process 'Transmigration of Souls' became the one and same as the Guru himself. Only a true Siddha Yogi shall do any classification with full confidence.
  1. Sivavakkiyar
  2. Pattinattar
  3. (List to be expanded later)

Table of 18 Siddhars

Sl. No
Name of the Siddhar
Tamil month of Birth
Tamil Birth Star
Duration of Life
Place of Samadhi
1
Sri Pathanjali
Panguni
Moolam
5 Yugas 7 Days
Rameswaram
2
Sri Agasthiar
Markazhi
Aayilyam
4 Yugas 48 Days
Thiruvananthapuram
3
Sri Kamalamuni
Vaikasi
Poosam
4000 Years 48 Days
Thiruvarur
4
Sri Thirumoolar
Purattathi
Avittam
3000 Years 13 Days
Chidambaram
5
Sri Kuthambai
Aadi
Visagam
1800 Years 16 Days
Mayavaram
6
Sri Korakkar
Karthigai
Aayilyam
880 Years 11 Days
Perur
7
Sri Thanvandri
Iyppasi
Punarpoosam
800 Years 32 Days
Vaideeswarankoil
8
Sri Sundaranandar
Aavani
Revathi
800 Years 28 Days
Madurai
9
Sri Konganar
Chitthirai
Utthiradam
800 Years 16 Days
Titupathi
10
Sri Sattamuni
Aavani
Mrigasirisham
800 Years 14 Days
Thiruvarangam
11
Sri Vaanmeegar / Valmiki
Purattasi
Anusham
700 Years 32 Days
Ettukudi
12
Sri Ramadevar
Masi
Pooram
700 Years 06 Days
Azhagarmalai
13
Sri Nandeeswarar
Vaikasi
Visagam
700 Years 03 Days
Kasi
14
Sri Edaikkadar
Purattasi
Thiruvadirai
600 Years 18 Days
Tiruvannamalai
15
Sri Machamuni
Aadi
Rohini
300 Years 62 Days
Thiruparankundram
16
Sri Karuvoorar
Chitthirai
Hastham
300 Years 42 Days
Karuvur
17
Sri Bogar
Vaikasi
Bharani
300 Years 18 Days
Pazhani
18
Sri Pambatti
Karthigai
Mrigasirisham
123 Years 14 Days
Sankarankoil